In the second half of the 17th century Friedrich Wilhelm, the Great Elector, brought many Dutch architects to his court. Johann Arnold Nering was the most famous of them, not only having constructed numerous palaces such as Potsdam, Glienicke, Oranienburg, and Caputh, but also having shaped the city and the rural landscape of those days.
The palaces and gardens were connected with avenues. Many canals and bridges were built.
In Berlin, the Zeughaus (Royal Armoury) at Unter den Linden and the central building of the Charlottenburg palace were put up in this period. Friedrich Wilhelm's son, Friedrich III. (after 1701 Friedrich (Frederick) I., King of Prussia), followed his father's architectural activity and commissioned baroque architect Andreas Schlüter, who had before been working in Danzig and Warsaw, with the enlargement of the Royal Palace, the Berliner Stadtschloß.
Schlüter abandoned the strict Dutch baroque style distinctive of his predecessors and laid out his structures in Italian baroque, which had more wealth in forms.