At the beginning of the 20th century some architects departed from Historicism, trying to develop a more modern and useful architecture.
With the AEG-turbine plant, Peter Behrens paved the way for industrial architecture. Hermann Muthesius designed a new and modern Country-House style for Berlin's newly developing suburbs. Alfred Messel drafted the first department stores and Oskar Kaufmann, putting up the Volksbühne and the Hebbeltheater, introduced new trends in theater construction.
In the 1920s Berlin architecture became world-famous.
Some important architects of the 1920s are:
- Martin Wagner - among others: trade-fair compound, Strandbad (lakeside pool) Wannsee, Strandbad Müggelsee, Horsehoe Colony Britz
- Hans Poelzig -among others: Haus des Rundfunks (telecommunications building), residential buildings around Rosa-Luxemburg-Platz with the Babylon movie theater, scenes for the film "The Golem"
- Erich Mendelsohn - among others: Einsteintower (Potsdam), Schaubühne (theater) and "Woga"-Complex, Mosse-Publishing House, House of the German Metal Workers Organization
- Max Taut -among others: Building of the Printers Association, Union Building,
- Bruno Taut -among others: Colony "Onkel Toms Hütte", Horsehoe Colony Britz, Residential Town "Carl Legien", Residential Estate Grellstraße
- Heinrich Tessenow - among others: Stadtbad Mitte (pool), Experimental Colony "Am Fischtal"
- Hans Scharoun -among others: Apartmenthaus Charlottenburg
- Ludwig Mies van der Rohe -among others: residential estate in Wedding
- Emil Fahrenkamp - Shell-Haus at Reichpietschufer
- Richard Paulick - Kant Garages
- Hans and Wassili Luckhardt - one family houses in Charlottenburg
- Otto Rudolf Salvisberg - among others: tenements Knobelsdorffstraße, Haus Flechtheim)
- Walter Gropius -among others: "Circular Colony"
- Hugo Häring - among others: "Circular Colony", "Onkel Toms Hütte"
- Bruno Paul - among others: Kathreiner multi-storey building at Kleistpark
- Fritz Höger -among others: Church at Hohenzollerndamm