Reconstruction after World War II
After World War II Berlin's center lay reduced to rubble.
The first plans by Hans Scharoun envisioned a totally new city structure, realigned on the ice marginal valley running through the city.
A green urban landscape was to be developed with ample freeway connections and a spacious building development of lined settlements and high-rise buildings interspersed.
The access-balcony flats at Karl-Marx-Allee built by Hans Scharoun are well-preserved from this period.
Soon, however, the city's separation into East and West was foreseeable and plans for reconstructing the city as a whole became an illusion.