Architecture in West-Berlin
However, this previous urban landscape concept remained valid for West-Berlin up to the beginning of the 1980s.
Numerous architectural projects of urban development such as: the Hansaviertel, the Kulturforum, the buildings around Hallesches Tor and Kottbusser Tor, the Märkisches Viertel and Gropiusstadt (two high-rise colonies), can only be understood against this background.
In 1957 the Hansaviertel (a high-rise colony) was built in connection with the "Interbau" (exhibition) by renowned architects from around the world such as Walter Gropius, Alvar Aalto and Oskar Niemeyer.
Also in 1957, Unité d´habitation was built by Le Corbusier. The urban development planning of the Kulturforum and the design of the State Library and the Berlin Philharmonics were made by Hans Scharoun, the planning of the New National Gallery by Mies van der Rohe.
Since funds for the entire reconstruction of West-Berlin weren't available, many historical quarters decayed after often having only been poorly rebuilt after the war. With the early 1980s, many of these quarters got on the city's demolition list, triggering resident protest and squatting.
This lead to a changed policy and to a cautious renovation urban development concept, first realized at Charlottenburg's Klausener Platz by Prof. Hardt-Walther Hämer. This concept became the basis of the International Building Exposition (IBA) in 1987, under which numerous interesting projects of tenements renovation in Kreuzberg and new city quarters in Rauchstraße and in Tegel were realized.
New projects were developed by Joseph Paul Kleihues, Oswald Mathias Ungers and Rob Krier, among others.
The historical Central European urbanity was re-discovered as a model.