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Start   facts and figures   Architecture   Architecture in East-Berlin and in the German Democratic Republic

Architecture in East-Berlin and in the German Democratic Republic

In East-Berlin an unique "socialist" reconstruction style was propagated, based on the model of the Soviet Union.
The motto was, "Palaces for the people".
The first showpiece project was Karl-Marx-Allee in Friedrichshain.
At the same time, the basic principles of socialist urban development were formulated, which also took into consideration spacious housing estates and parks in the city center.
According to these principles, an iron and steel combine was built in the Brandenburg town of Eisenhüttenstadt.
In the 1960s, industrialization of housing construction became top priority. East-Berlin and many Brandenburg towns saw the construction of large prefab settlements.
Important architects, often working together in planning collectives, were the following:

  • Hermann Henselmann - u.a. Karl-Marx-Allee, House of the Teacher and Congress Hall
  • Josef Kaiser
  • Herbert Aust
  • Günter Kunert
  • Horst Bauer

Due to neglect, numerous quarters also began to decay in the East in the 1980s and squatting became popular there too.
The renovation of Husemannstraße for the 750-year celebration and the reconstruction of the Nikolaiviertel (Nicholas Quarter) by Günter Stahn showed a first sign of a change of views.
Attempts were made to use prefab construction also for city reconstruction such as at the Gendarmenmarkt, Friedrichstraße, and at the Rosenthal Suburb.

Foto: BBFC
LOCATIONFOTOS © BBFC
Ausgang des Stößensees zur Havel
Foto: BBFC
LOCATIONFOTOS © BBFC


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