The aviation law must be considered for every photography from aircrafts (this also includes drones and other unmanned aviation equipment).
In Germany, the minimum flight altitude is determined by the SERA (Standardized European Rules of the Air). It is part of the regulations for visual flights. The minimum flight altitude is an absolute size, which only can be undercut during takeoffs and landings.
When filming from helicopters or airplanes, it is often necessary to fall below the minimum flight altitude. This requires an exceptional permit from the responsible aviation authority in the federal states.
According to "§ 37 minimum safety altitude for flights according to visual flight rules" of the Air Traffic Regulations, the country's competent aviation authority for individual flights or a number of flights can make exceptions to the minimum flight altitudes prescribed in Annex SERA.5005 letter f of Implementing Regulation (EU) No. 923/2012 allow, insofar as this is necessary for the respective purpose and thereby does not endanger public safety and order." The exemption is linked to additional provisions.
The common aviation authority Berlin and Brandenburg (LUBB) will be responsible for Berlin and Brandenburg.
Filming with Drones requires a special permit. The fact that drones are used on the set must be taken into account and specified in the applications. The district offices or municipalities are often the owners of the area on which the drones are supposed to start and land and therefore have to inquire about the ascent permit.
Detailed information, as well as the application and permit procedure for the ascent of unmanned aircraft or drones in Berlin or Brandenburg, can be found on the website of the common aviation authority Berlin and Brandenburg (LUBB) (In German only).
"In Berlin and Brandenburg, there are two flight restriction areas (so-called ED-R) in which the operation of aircraft - including unmanned aerial vehicles - is prohibited.
"In Berlin and Brandenburg there are several flight restriction areas (so-called ED-R) in which the operation of aircraft - including unmanned aerial vehicles - is prohibited.
Exceptions to the prohibition in ED-R 4 and ED-R 146 can only be approved by the Federal Supervisory Office for Air Traffic Control (BAF).
More information at: https://www.baf.bund.de